Phimosis in men: causes, symptoms and treatment

Phimosis is a severe pathology characterized by disruption of normal physiological structure of the penis of men.

General information

Phimosis in men is a pathological condition, in which it is not possible to fully expose the head of the penis. The disease usually proceeds very painful.

This pathology, necessarily requires treatment. In the opposite case, increases the likelihood for the development of inflammatory processes in the preputial SAC and delay in the urine. Phimosis in men adds a lot of problems in the casual and even intimate life. The inability to fully expose the head of the penis leads to loss of sexual desire, erectile dysfunction, and the development of the various types of infections.


What happens if not treated phimosis?

This pathology can cause a lot of negative effects. First and foremost, patients begin to develop inflammation under the foreskin, provoked the stagnation of secretions. In addition, due to an inadequate secretion of urine and its back contact in the urine-excretory canal infection occurs in the urethra.

The most dangerous complication of this condition is called paraphimosis. This is a sharp infringement head on. This pathology usually occurs after repeated attempts to expose the head during sex. While the foreskin cutting off blood flow to the penis, which leads to its swelling. Independent attempts to return to its normal state, usually not. In such a situation without emergency intervention is necessary.

Why develop phimosis in men?

The cause for this pathological condition different. These include the following:

  • Genetic predisposition. In the male there is a lack of the elastic part of connective tissue.
  • Mechanical damage your penis.
  • Inflammation (balanoposthitis, syphilis).

Despite the fact that the causes of phimosis is very simple and in a timely manner to eliminate them you can prevent the progression of the disease, experts still have to diagnose. The fact is that men do not differ in the tendency to closely monitor health, as needed, to consult with doctors.

Clinical manifestations

  • Problems in the implementation of the hygiene procedures. Appears the inability to completely push back the prepuce, which leads to a gradual accumulation of smegma. It is known, is the perfect environment for the life of pathogenic bacteria.
  • Swelling of the penis, violation of the habitual traffic, painful to the touch.
  • Phimosis in men can manifest itself with problems with urination.

The classification of diseases

Depending on the degree of opening of the head there are the following stages of disease:

  • The first stage is characterized by some difficulties in the liberation of the glans penis during erection in calm state, such problems are not observed.
  • The second stage - the inability to open the head in an excited state even under stress.
  • In the third stage. Every time, when you try to pull the foreskin occur bleeding and severe pain.
  • The fourth stage is characterized by painful urination, as the head of the penis is fully covered with the skin.

Also, there are several subtypes of this disease:

  • Physiological. Occurs in children up to three years. In fact, the disease does not involve the final development of the foreskin. After some time (5-6 years) head open. If this does not happen, you should consult with an expert.
  • Of hypertrophic scars. In this case, the thickening of the epithelium of the foreskin and its protrusion through the head.
  • Atrophic. The foreskin is initially thins and then completely atrophied.
  • Scar. At the edges of the foreskin scars are formed of different sizes.


First at the reception the doctor will collect complete medical history, listens to the complaints. In addition, the specialist may ask a number of clarifying questions (when were problems with urination, or before the symptoms of mechanical damage, etc).

The diagnosis of this pathology is usually straightforward and is based on visual inspection of sexual organs. The doctor also evaluates the degree of exposure to the head, the presence of pus under the foreskin. In some cases, in addition to this, you may need to consult with a surgeon.

How to treat phimosis in men?

In most cases, eliminate this pathology is possible only through surgical intervention. However, conservative methods. One of these treatment options is a gradual stretching of the foreskin.

Consistent stretching is recommended, that prior to the onset of moderate pain and repeat several times a day for 10 minutes. In the process of direct expansion pass, you can gradually increase the amplitude of the translational movement of the entire exposure head. For greater effectiveness it is recommended before the procedure, take a hot bath.

Phimosis in men is sometimes cured through treatment with medications. This means the use of the head to the ointments with corticosteroids. These medicines are designed to improve the elasticity of the epithelium, reduction of inflammatory process and edema. To be daily for two months, to RUB the head on.


But how can you overcome the phimosis in men? Treatment with surgery is the most effective option to eliminate this kind of disease. The surgery usually involves the creation of three zig-zag incisions in the foreskin and then stitching. According to experts, this treatment is almost 100% of cases allows to achieve the desired results.

When the scarring variant of the disease is recommended is excision of the foreskin in a circle, that is, circumcision.

Clinical manifestations

In the postoperative period

Despite the relatively high effectiveness of surgical treatment of doctors note in selected patients, the occurrence of various complications. Often appear less bleeding due to sloppy suturing, and / or inflammation in the outer part of the urethra.

How to prevent the development of such complications in patients with a diagnosis of "phimosis"? In men after surgery of these problems can be avoided if you strictly follow all recommendations of the doctor. It is necessary that a bath with potassium permanganate, use the special anti-bacterial creams. In some cases, may require additional surgery to overcome the shortcomings of the appearance of the foreskin and restore the proper contours of the urethra.


In this article, we talked about what it means pathology such as phimosis in males. Surgery is the most effective method of treatment. With the appearance of the first symptoms, should not delay the visit to the doctor in a drawer. Better in the early phase of the cure for this disease, and do not think about its consequences. Hi!