Urethritis is a disease characterized by the manifestation of the inflammatory process in the urethra. The most striking symptoms of urethritis are made up of painful sensations during urination and the appearance of a discharge from the urethra. This disease is diagnosed in patients of both sexes.
Urethritis is an infectious disease, so the development is a result of exposure to an infectious agent. Such errors can be the virus, fungus, bacteria, etc., in especially rare cases, there are disease, radiation, toxic, allergic and other types of urethritis.
Depending on the result of the impact of the pathogen develops urethritis, distinguish the two types of diseases: urethritis specific and non-specific. In the first case, the occurrence of the particular can bring about urethritis (chlamydia, gonococcus, Ureaplasma, etc.), These infections can be combined with exposure to other viruses, fungi or bacteria, in the body of the can, the more infection. In this case, the disease is complicated by the fact that, as a general rule, people don't fix when there is an acute stage of the illness becomes chronic.
Non-specific urethritis is seen due to the effect of conditionally pathogenic microflora. His appearance provoked by staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, fungi, etc., the Disease in both of these cases, it is developed, and it shows in practically the same way. However, it is important to note that, in the case of the detection of the sexually transmitted infection all sexual partners of the patient should be screened and treated.
As a rule, the manifestation of a specific urethritis occurs after sexual intercourse. However, it happens that a man has, and for a while it becomes a carrier of the infection. In this case, the disease may be showing itself at any point in time. Because sexual contact can occur, and nonspecific urethritis.
The reason for the development of the inflammatory process in the urethra to become impaired immunity in the channel wall. The urethra, it is constantly are getting an infection at the blood from the intestine to the skin of the other parts. A particularly severe infection occurs during sexual relations. So, while the wall of the urethra can cope with the infection, the disease does not develop. However, at the slightest disturbance of the protective mechanisms of the inflammation, which is accompanied by any of the accompanying symptoms.
There are a number of factors, which often become the predisposing in the process of the disease. First of all urethritis in men, and in women can occur as the result of a single or continuous exposure. On the occurrence of urethritis of the impact of the presence of urolithiasis. When the sand and the stone moves through the urethra, it is possible that the damage to the wall, and the subsequent appearance of the urethritis. A predisposition to diseases of of the penis trauma, too strenuous of exercise, irregular sexual life. However, it is a sexual activity and frequent change of partners, that could be the trigger of the development of the disease. It is not recommended that too much consumption of spicy food, and salty and sour dishes, pickled vegetables, a large quantity of alcohol. Already in the the urine, of substances in such foods can cause irritation to the walls of the channel. In the end, it may be inflammation of the joint, or to show the course of the existing disease.
Provoking factor for symptoms of urethritis, often become insufficient for drinking: the inappropriate urination may cause the delay of the bacteria in the body, because the urine washes away from the wall of the bladder. At some time between trips to the toilet, the risk of infection, which is a significant increase. Also, the urethritis may occur in a background of chronic inflammation occurring within the body.
So, there are a number of factors, which may later become of crucial importance in the development of urethritis. This is why the disease can affect anyone.
In the early days of the disease shows marked symptoms of urethritis: pain and a prickling sensation, a burning sensation and itching during urination. Also, in the process of urination can be a person, who feel any other uncomfortable symptoms. Such feelings can occur in the genitals, and perineum.
Another major symptom of urethritis is the appearance of the discharge from the urethra. They can be very different. So, it depends on what kind of pathogen caused urethritis, the discharge of the very rich, or very little. Among the acute diseases the edge of the outer hole can become inflamed and stick together. However, in some cases, the development of urethritis typically are not accompanied by secretions.
Each subsequent exacerbation of the disease, the inflammation affects an increasingly important part of the mucous membrane of the urethra. Therefore, the symptoms of urethritis, with each of the acute, are becoming more and more prominent. Therefore, if the disease is not treated with the appropriate methods, you may have received complications of urethritis.
If we take into account the symptoms of urethritis in terms of their forms, in every one of kinds of the disease, some of the apparent differences in the clinical picture.
Thus, in acute urethritis in men, and in women, the main symptom is a severe burning sensation and pain during urination and the presence of abundant discharge from the urethra, the swelling and visible redness in the lips of the urethra. The torpid urethritis are observed, the subjective disturbances. Doesn't seem clear, and in some cases missing altogether.
In the case of a subacute urethritis is the reduction of pain and swelling in the urethra also decreases the amount of secretions. Only in the morning, sometimes manifests a crust. The urine is a transparent nail Polish can be purulent thread.
In chronic urethritis, which is evident due to the misconduct of, or total lack of, can be neurotic phenomena. Most often, this type of urethritis are present in a small discharge from the urethra. They become more and more abundant, depending on the availability of some of the factors that are leading to the deterioration of the disease. It could be the over-consumption of alcohol, agitation, hypothermia. The symptoms of urethritis the chronic form is often similar to the symptoms of urethritis.
The total urethritis is characterized by inflammation of the urethra as a whole. The symptoms of this form of the disease similar to the symptoms of prostatitis. It is important to note that, in the absence of any therapy the symptoms of bladder infections may go away on their own. However, with each exacerbation of the disease symptoms would be expressed even stronger. As a result, the patient may have serious complications of urethritis.
For the proper treatment of it is necessary, first of all, for a proper diagnosis. First of all, the doctor is trying to figure out what is causing the led to the emergence of urethritis in a patient. Thus, to determine the causative agent of the disease, there are a variety of laboratory tests (smear, DNA diagnostics, PCR). Often the doctor orders an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, to properly assess their condition. Guided by the results obtained, and the patient is assigned to a particular treatment.
For the treatment of urethritis were the most effective, it is necessary first to determine which infection triggers the inflammatory processes of the urethra. In the treatment of cancer using the same regimen and for the treatment of thrush, chlamydia, gonorrhoea and other diseases of the reproductive system. To fight against pathogenic micro-organisms using a variety of drugs. First of all, antibiotics, and agents with anti-fungal and antiviral action.
It is important that the treatment of urethritis is made at the same time to both sexual partners, because it is a high risk of transmission during sexual intercourse.
Specific and non-specific urethritis, to be considered, it shall proceed according to the same principles. Such a classification is important from the point of view of the specific selection of drugs for the treatment of urethritis, and also to understand whether there is a need in the treatment of the sexual partner of the patient.
If the patient is diagnosed by the combination of urethritis and cystitis, it is important to use a systematic approach to the treatment of. The doctor it is necessary to designate the application of physiotherapeutic procedures, as well as the instillation of drugs into the bladder, and the urethra. The treatment process may take up to several days or a few weeks depending on the severity of the disease.
It is important for the right way to treat it and the patient. Effective not only in medicine, but is also prescribed by the doctor to the diet, abstinence from alcohol, drink plenty of fluids.
After the treatment is over, and all the symptoms are gone, you should be required to conduct a test, once again, for the monitoring of the health status of the patient. This will help to ensure that the infection has been wiped out.