Prostatic hyperplasia, or else BPH, is the most common disease among the strong half of humanity, has reached the milestone of 50 years of age. This disease is the result of the spontaneous growth of the prostate gland, and the overlap of the lumen of the urethra. In this case the urine output begins to accumulate in the urine in the bladder of pathogenic bacteria that cause a variety of complications.
The Prostate gland is one of the most important internal organ that is involved in the performance of male reproductive function. With increasing age, the body may be formed of a seal, the clumps of matter attached to the fibre. These tumors are referred to as hyperplasia of the prostate. To date, this pathology can be successfully treated with medication, direct surgical treatment. The most important thing to do is to timely detect the presence of the disease and begin treatment, then we will be able to achieve a positive outcome without the intervention of surgeons.
Since the prostate passes the urethra, because of the increased size of the organ, the channel of which is zipped. This causes the main symptom of this disease is a delay in urination. It usually becomes noticeable while, in the time of the urine is allocated less number of units is increased, and the stream at the same time, "wilts". We also need to make an effort to urinate. In this case, the patient is experiencing discomfort. The sex life becomes less active, an erection occurs with difficulty, and not all the time.
Among the reasons given is to be kept in the main to have a genetic predisposition, and age. Age is a key factor in the men who have for more than forty years, the adenoma is more common. Don't believe the myths about it, that the venereal disease is transferred before you can result in the development of tumors. Also, this is not an abnormal sexual life.
Part of the symptoms already named, but, in addition to the above, it is called such:
The Prostate occurs several surgical methods.
It is worth saying that this isn't necessarily a classic cavernous, surgery, medicine, now offers other less-invasive ways of removing the hyperplasia of the prostate.
Prostate cancer represents a benign tumor that is found in the tissues of the prostate gland.
The Tumor does not give metastases, and do not penetrate into surrounding organs and tissues, however, the removal of the adenoma, is shown in some of the cases.
If earlier the disease is to be considered the prerogative of men, after 45-50 years of age, is now getting more and more recorded cases of the disease starting at 25 years of age.
The most effective method for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — the removal of the prostate gland-invasive or minimally invasive techniques. There are many different types of surgical intervention, they differ from each other the complexity, a list of the costs and complications of surgery of the prostate. To choose the best options that you need to study the effects of the surgical removal of the prostate gland, and the feedback of information on a wide range of options.
The surgery offers the following surgical treatment of adenoma:
The most commonly used method in the CIRCLE. For the longest time surgical training of abdominal adenomectomy. They are the least traumatic minimally invasive method, but their use is not always possible. The Laser is the most advanced and effective method for the treatment of BPH.
According to statistics, every second case of cancer of the prostate in Russia was diagnosed in the third stage. In general, men are also feeling the discomfort and pain, to postpone the visit to the doctor for such a sensitive topic, and is to come, when the cancer has already significantly spread beyond the prostate gland. This phase is characterized by:
Each operation has a set of negative outcomes.
Often, after the removal of the prostate gland the consequences do occur almost all the time.
It is found that the patient subsequently proves to be of help to a specialist, as a result, the disease progresses, and this is the time that the diagnosis is still not enough.
It should be noted that the occurrence of the consequences depends largely on the skills of the surgeon, and the selected receiving surgical procedure. Also important in the postoperative period of play the individual characteristics of the patient and rapid recovery of function.
It is worth noting that the most common consequences after removal of the adenoma:
A biopsy of the prostate leads to the occurrence of bad consequences.
The reason for the occurrence of these unpleasant symptoms, you can repeat the biopsy. It often happens that all the above-mentioned effects take place in a couple of days, and will not cause significant problems to the patients.
After the surgical removal of the prostate adenoma treatment, the patient is prescribed painkillers, antibiotics for the prevention of inflammatory processes of urinogenital sphere, diuretics, diet and therapeutic exercises for the pelvic floor.
After the surgery, they have a slight complication:
The cause of the disease is the failure of the hormonal system. That is, the level of testosterone is considerably reduced, however, the estrogens, in contrast, has increased.
Treatment of BPH depends entirely on the extent of their neglect. If the disease is detected in the first or in the second stage, and about the sequence of the one will be the following:
Usually, in the early stages of the disease, when the symptoms bother enough, and they are expressed in at least the patients, any medication prescribed for the treatment of prostatic hyperplasia.
However, when the disease has reached the level, when the treatment with medications is not possible, the use of the method of the surgical procedure. This method is more effective than medication, but it has its own drawbacks and risks associated with treatment may be referred to as risk-taking.
The most popular versions of the surgery of BPH:
The Bottom line is that the urethra of a patient, is to introduce a special device called a resectoscope. During the surgery, the patient is in the supine position with the legs spread, which is bent at the knee. This device is introduced through the external orifice of the urethra, and the operation is carried out.
With the help of this device, it is carried out, and the procedure to remove the prostatic adenoma. He was able to "scrape up the extra fabric" and carry out "cauterization" than the capillaries, which causes bleeding. The last of the operations helps to avoid internal bleeding.
One of the central points of the installation of the external of the urethra, which is the leader of a catheter into the bladder. This tube will be removed one week after surgery.
All of the measures that are most commonly performed under General anesthesia. It sometimes allowed the use of spinal anesthesia in these cases.
The obvious advantage is that it is not being used to cut the coating to the tissues of the body, which means that there is a postoperative rehabilitation needs to be a faster recovery, which will be the more effective the treatment will not last long. In addition to the fact that it doesn't leave scar tissue, such as a two-dimensional section does not exist.
Also can be reduced to the minimum the time of stay of the patient in the hospital after the surgery:
This type of intervention implies a two-dimensional abdominal incision. This is done in the area between the navel and the pubis. During open surgery, the surgeon cuts out all of the benign growths with a special scalpel. Also, after transurethral resection of the prostate into the urethra and placed a catheter.
The advantages are that the process is often much more effective than the ROUND. The cons include a longer recovery period, and the presence of postoperative observation in the hospital.
What could be the consequences of transuterine resection of the prostate (TURP), and Transvesically adenomectomy?
The risk of disclosure of internal bleeding. Among the consequences of this might be the most dangerous. Than by any other intervention, by the removal of the adenoma of the prostate, there is always the risk of bleeding. The risk depends on the quality of the surgical procedure, as well as on the properties of the curing of the body, that is, the function of the coagulation of the blood.
If the bleeding occurred during the procedure, you can apply a blood transfusion, which is often the only way to save the patient's life, while a severe hemorrhage of a dangerous loss of blood. There may be a risk of clogging of blood vessels with clots of coagulated blood, of which there is also a danger of life of a patient after a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), and Transvesically adenomectomy.
Statistics show that such cases are very common, especially in older men who have survived the work of the surgeon.
Hydro-intoxication. It is also one of the most popular effects after removal of prostate adenoma, and in addition to this, one of the most difficult. Also, the irregularities may be referred to in the medical literature, such as TURKEY's syndrome. A factor in the development of the syndrome, which is released into the blood, the fluid that is used for the cleaning of the outside of the urethra during surgery to remove the cancer of the prostate.
In addition to the most modern technologies, which are used in the course of the surgery and the surgeon, which make it possible to reduce to zero the probability of such a consequence.
The retention of urine. Another popular effect is the retention of urine in it, and a lot of the reviews talk about it. Mostly men aged over 60 years of age. The factors that cause this is due to the most common prison of the urinary duct to the formation of blood clots. It can also lead to the mistake of the surgeon during the procedure. In order to avoid a serious health problem, the patient needs to see a doctor for this problem.
In 1-2 out of every 100 times by men as a result of the surgical removal of adenoma of the prostate may experience urinary incontinence. Rarely, it is permanent, in most cases it occurs in the case of serious stress (psychological or physical, etc.). In the most common cases of this phenomenon can be found in the first few days after surgery.
These problems often include the following:
Of course, most of these problems pass with time without any further medical intervention. If you are not, then most likely the surgeon during the operation had made a mistake, and you will need to go to the hospital to correct the problem.
Of a communicable disease. The probability of the emergence of infectious diseases after the surgery is always very high. In the view of some, this happens in 20% of cases. It is usually treated in the standard ways – through of the level.
The danger is that inflammation can become chronic, and occasionally on it, it felt like.
It comes to ejaculate. This problem may be more widespread. Some of the statistics they say that a picture is 99%. Why is this happening? The answer to this question lies in the fact that the seed, after it is thrown into the bladder. In the medical literature, is that the shower is called the retrograde. It is of no harm to man's body, but there is a problem with the ability to have children.
The violation of potency. For such problems it is clear, however, is appearing to be less than 10% of the cases. Of course, this is potentially due to strikes fear in many patients. However, modern medicine is doing everything it can to nullify this. If the operation was prepared and carried out properly, don't be afraid of the interference powers.