A Tumor of the prostate benign nature, it stands as a diagnosis of adenoma. This is a man's pathology, is one of the first places among urological diseases of the. Under normal conditions, the volume of the prostate is associated with the chestnut tree. However, this may increase the proliferation of fibro-muscular tissue. One of the reasons for the formation of the adenoma is, the older the age of the patient. In connection with the enlarged prostate reduces the lumen of the ureter. This will lead to difficulty in urinating. If the cells are malignant, then we are talking about cancer of the prostate.
The feasibility of a complete or partial removal of the adenoma of the prostate, which is to be determined for each patient individually. The indications for surgery are the following:
If indications assigned for the removal of the prostate adenoma of the method of surgical treatment. Today, there are a number of ways to this process. It can be an open or minimally invasive. In the first case, the manipulation is performed through an incision down the belly Section. Due to the large number of contra-indications, and the effects of the deletion, this operation is rarely performed, but this is the case for the classical treatment of the coupled with a transurethral resection. In more complex cases, which require an open prostatectomy is the surgical removal of the prostate gland.
The method of surgical treatment of tumors of the prostate has been open Adenomectomy. It is performed under General anesthesia. The doctor will remove the tumor as follows:
An open surgery, it is a guarantee of the durable and the permanent removal of the tumor, but the rehabilitation of the patient after a duration of quite a long period of time, even up to 3 months. In addition to this, there is a risk of complications, such as pus and bleeding. The other serious issue is the postponement of the General anesthesia. Also, judging by the reviews, the surgery left scar tissue.
The so-called removal of the tumors without any incisions. Through the urethra are removed a tumor cell. In this case, you can use a local anesthesia. The technique is complex and therefore requires a high qualification of the surgeon. The procedure is carried out as follows:
After this operation, the prostate gland is restored in about 2 months. In the first few days of the event may occur in the strain to urinate, but at the end of the over. The surgery takes less than an hour, it is a high priority. The priority can be considered, and the absence of scar tissue after tumor removal. In addition, the procedure itself is virtually pain-free.
The traditional methods of treatment of adenoma have a large number of negative effects. To reduce the risk of complications, minimally invasive techniques to help. This is mainly for the laser resection. In modern surgery, the more advanced the techniques are the following:
The essence of this method lies in the blockage of the blood vessels that supply blood to the prostate gland, which is increased. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The surgeon controls their actions through the use of special devices. The task of the physician is to find the end of the blood circulation in the prostate. They have introduced a microcatheter, and, through it, to the intravascular embolus. The advantage is that the patient is being discharged after 6 hours after the procedure.
All of the methods of treatment is laser vaporization of adenoma is characterized by less complexity. In addition, it is allowed for patients with bleeding disorders. The equipment, which is inserted through the ureter. The laser beam to the cut areas of benign prostate, the blood vessels of the beer". This operation is performed when the size of the tumor in 60-80 CC of the Advantages are the short postoperative period and minimal complications, however, the laser removal takes twice as long as the TOUR.
The removal of the prostate gland in this way, the "husking" of prostate tissue by exposure to a laser. After the surgery, you can check for the presence of malignant cells. Its advantages are the following:
According to the endoscopic enucleation of tumor tissue, is passed into the bladder, crushed the laser and is removed through the catheter, with drainage. The presence of inflammatory processes, or the inability to introduce the catheter into the ureter is a contraindication to surgery. The same is true for the serious General condition of the patient.
At the heart of this process is to remove the tumor – the carriage through the hole in the mucous membrane of the bladder or of the prostate the focus of a laser beam. Such introductions take a little bit. The ray of the gland, which is cultivated on all sides, which leads to necrosis. The disadvantage of this method is that, for a period of time the symptoms may even get worse. The reason why the sores, which are deep in the prostate.
The atrophy of the glandular tissues that the operation of the heating with high-frequency radio waves. They belong to the prostate via needles that enter the gland. The drawback of the process is its inefficiency to the large size of the tumor. The advantage is that it is an outpatient procedure i.e. the patient can immediately after the removal of the to go home.
This technique is indicated when the prostate volume greater than 100 CC are to be carried out through special tubes, which can penetrate through small incisions in the skin. In the interior of the camera, which shows the progress of the procedure on the screen. The removal of the prostate for approximately 2 hours under General anesthesia. At the end of the urethra to insert the catheter. The advantage of this is a small rehabilitation period. In the hospital, the patient will be discharged in 2-4 days. Of the minuses can be noted the small scars from the incisions.
This technique also does not require the hole. This will significantly reduce the loss of blood. The iron is reduced to the surgical instruments to be inserted through a tube in the thickness of 1-1,5 cm the Advantage of this procedure is that it does not affect the erectile function as it relates to the conservation of the state of the art. In the absence of stones, inflammation and small adenomas, this operation is more preferable. The advantage of the short period of time to recover.
Rehabilitation after the removal of the prostate adenoma can be so smooth. A health problem is there are more and more frequently, in comparison with the treatment of prostatitis. A few days later, the blood in the urine, incontinence or pain when urinating. The last of the side-effects of for a long time. If there has been a delay, you should consult with a specialist. Every patient responds differently to surgery both in terms of the type of surgery you may have a variety of effects to repeat. In this case, you will need to have another surgery.
Any removal of the prostate gland it is potentially dangerous. Each and every patient is at risk of blood loss and infection. Anesthesia is a serious burden on the cardiovascular system. After the surgery are the complications of this nature:
Recovery of erectile function occurs after a certain period of time after the operation, but to begin to live a sexual life I do not recommend that you're ahead of the full tissue regeneration. On average, the duration of the period of about a month. This period of time may be increased, depending on the condition and age of the patient. The full restoration of power in some men, the consummation of the sexual act ceases to be assigned to a hero. To cause partial damage to the spermatic. Reproductive function is preserved, however, the production of sperm requires a puncture.
After the surgery, it is important that you follow all of the recommendations of the urologist for a faster recovery. They relate to diet, physical activity and the maintenance of the patient's sexual life. The following guidelines are important to prevent possible complications of the surgery. The early rehabilitation period for the first 5-7 days. At this time, the patient can return to normal urine. In General, the recovery period can be 3 months or more.
Immediately after the operation, it is necessary to exclude acts of gross negligence, because it may lead to a deterioration of the, causing inflammation of the joint. You can do the following:
Within a period of six months after the operation, it is necessary to refrain from sexual activity. The right to work is not recommended, it is better to take it for the first couple of weeks of sick leave. After the removal of the prostate gland, it is recommended that a walk and some time to do so, with the morning light exercises and swimming. After processing, do not smoke cigarettes. The nicotine that is in them, have a negative impact on the market, which can lead to an infection.
No less an important role in the recovery of the proper diet. From the diet to exclude junk food. It involves a deep fried, salted, smoked, and sweet. You have to refuse from an alcohol. The diet should include the following:
After the surgical removal of the prostate gland is helpful for all physical activities. It needs to be off the Bike, and training with heavy weights. Better for swimming and gymnastics, with a soft stretch. Doctors recommend to pay attention on the yoga. According to opinions, the benefit of the following exercises:
The treatment does not end after your surgery. If you want to exclude complications, and the patient needs to take more of the medication, the list of which includes: