Urethritis in men, what is it? The symptoms and treatment of

Urethritis in men and inflammatory disease in the walls of the urethra, which often leads to a variety of infectious factors bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa.

Urethritis in men

In addition to the infectious causes of inflammation may be due to allergic, chemical or traumatic injuries. Urethritis accompanied by itching, discharge from the urethra, a burning sensation, and pain. Without timely treatment, the disease leads to the development of cystitis, prostatitis or the inflammation of the testicle and its appendages, and in some cases are not cured urethritis can lead to narrowing of the urethra.

That's why when the first symptoms of infection, you should consult a specialist to prevent its progression.

What's it all about?

Urethritis - an inflammatory process that is localized in the urethra. The disease is common enough and often enough, regardless of gender or age. It is clearly understood what is urethritis in men, the treatment of the symptoms of this disease, you need to have an idea of the anatomy of the male urethra.

The classification of the

With regard to the causes of urethritis in the male, are divided into infectious and non-infectious and infectious, and in turn, the gonococcal and non-gonococcal.

Non-gonococcal urethritis is divided into types depending on the causative agent:

  • bacterial (due to the conditionally pathogenic microflora);
  • chlamydia;
  • Trichomonas;
  • mycotic (candidal, fungal);
  • virus;
  • tuberculosis (tb);
  • ureaplasma;
  • mycoplasmal;
  • gardnerellosis;
  • of the mixed.

Noncommunicable urethritis in men may be of the following types:

  • allergic to;
  • traumatic;
  • congestive (congestive).
urethritis

For the duration of the disease is fresh (acute, subacute and torpid and chronic urethritis.

Depending on the localization of pathological process:

  • anterior urethritis – in the front of the urethra, i.e., is located closer to the outlet of the head of the penis;
  • to the rear – the back part of the urethra, i.e., it is localized closer to the bladder.

On the primacy of the development of the inflammatory process, there are the following types of urethritis in men:

  • primary, when an infectious disease develops in the urethra;
  • second, when infection of the urinary tract penetrating from adjacent organs, which are a hotbed of infection.

Most often the infection get in the urethra from the bladder, the prostate gland, which inflammation of the joint develops.

What are the causes of urethritis?

The main causes that cause development of urethritis in men-the physicians, including the following:

  1. A disease that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse without a condom (herpes, HPV, gonorrhea, Trichomonas, Ureaplasma, chlamydia, etc.). In essence, an inflammation of the urethra, is only a symptom of such an infection.
  2. A violation of the metabolic processes, especially in the pelvic area).
  3. The effects on the body a variety of toxic substances.
  4. The quiet of the processes in the pelvic area. This led to the development of congestive urethritis. The appearance of stagnation of venous blood, it is against constipation, hemorrhoids, practice to interrupt the sexual intercourse.
  5. Of a person, which can lead to food, personal hygiene or taking certain medications.
  6. A large number of acidic and salty food with lots of spices in the diet, which can be irritating to the mucous membranes.

Predisposing factors of inflammation in the urethra are the following:

  • unprotected sexual intercourse with an infection;
  • failure to observe the rules of personal hygiene;
  • damage to the urethra (also during medical procedures);
  • stones in the kidney stones;
  • the stagnation in the pelvic organs;
  • disorders of the metabolism;
  • hypothermia;
  • hypovitaminosis;
  • irrational nutrition;
  • an allergic reaction;
  • urethra irritation from the harsh chemicals of the funds for the care of the body, the spermicide,"with condoms, etc.

Untimely or improper treatment of urethritis in men, the danger of occurrence of serious complications: pyelonephritis, cystitis, orchitis, balanoposthitis and prostatitis.

The treatment of

Symptoms the first symptoms of urethritis in men

With the development of urethritis men are complaining of the following symptoms:

  • a low-grade fever;
  • urination;
  • swelling of the urethra;
  • itching;
  • at the end of urination can be staining in a small amount;
  • the pain during urination;
  • burning;
  • the pain of a sharp character in the urethra;
  • the allocation of purulent character, from the urethra, which may be the color from yellow to green, and stand out in a large amount in the beginning of the inflammatory process.

This clinic is evolving according to what is urethritis: non-specific or specific. The only difference is that the non-specific urethritis is confirmed when the swabs for other infections, not giving a positive review.

The chronic process, it happens very rarely, and this is what happens in the background of these cases:

  • the weakness of the immune system of the patient;
  • the prevalence of the pathological agent to the other authorities.
  • improper or lack of treatment of urethritis in a Stroy format.

Note: when the disease becomes chronic, the swelling of the urethra takes place, and to mark the cut. Often, a man thinks, that the illness had passed, but in reality, the disease has moved to the latent stage. If it is not, for the implementation of the treatment, the strains of bacteria that have settled in the prostate gland and the seminal vesicles, in the end, it will trigger prostatitis, epididymitis, vesiculitis.

Complications

Of male urethritis, the following types of events:

  1. In the absence of the treatment of urethritis or, if it is not properly treated the disease can move from acute into chronic.
  2. The occurrence of prostatitis.
  3. Vesiculitis — this is an inflammation of the seminal vesicles.
  4. Orchitis — this is an inflammation of the testicle.
  5. Balanitis — an inflammation of the skin on the top of my penis.
  6. Balanoposthitis — this is an inflammation of the inner layer of foreskin.
  7. A narrowing of the urethra caused by a lack of adequate treatment of urethritis or in the chronic course of the disease. In the advanced cases of stenosis requiring surgical intervention.

A number of existing complications of male urethritis is due to the fact that it is an inflammation of the urethra, you can reach the other organs and start to develop it: the testicles, bladder, and prostate gland can become the victims of urethritis. In order to avoid any complications, it is necessary to the specific prevention of urethritis.

The diagnosis of

The first is to consult a doctor-urologist, who will conduct the inspection. If you are going to find an infectious disease, then the patient is sent for consultation with a health care provider. The patient is assigned to the following study:

  • it would seem that the analysis of urine and blood;
  • take a swab of the discharge from the urethra;
  • the tests, collect urine for a bacterial culture and a nutrient medium;
  • an ultrasound of the kidneys and the treatment of the diseases of the genital and urinary tract;
  • urethroscopy.
Bad habits

The pathological results of the test show a significant excess of white blood cells and bacteria. If fungi are detected, then the diagnosis of urethritis Candida species. The diagnostic was carried out of the study to determine which antibiotic will be the impact on the pathology. The whole of the studies allows the doctor to get an understanding of how to treat the urethritis, and what drugs to use, and, therefore, is a list of medical conditions have the greatest impact.

How to treat the urethritis?

At home treatment for urethritis in the male is to be included. All of the operations to be performed on an outpatient basis, selected a drug specialist. The patient should carefully follow all of the appointments, and take into account some of the recommendations at the time of treatment. These include the following:

  • the temporary rejection of the sexual contact;
  • strict compliance with sanitary norms;
  • all of the recommendations relating to the duration of the course of treatment and medication;
  • quitting bad habits (alcohol, Smoking);

A mandatory adjustment of the diet, with a view to the exclusion fatty, fried, spicy dishes, smoked meats, marinades, pickles, soft drinks, in short, all of the products, which can increase the severity of the inflammatory process. The patient is advised to drink more fluids, to honor the day, in order to avoid hypothermia, stress, and the influence of other negative factors.

On average, the treatment of virtually any form of urethritis may take several weeks. The treatment, in any case, it is not impossible, it is, to throw, to the improvement and the reduction of the clinical picture of the disease. At the end of the treatment the test is a swab from the urethral canal for the confirmation of the recovery period.

What is the level that is prescribed for urethritis?

The cure of urethritis in men, named only in the name of the doctor according to the bacteriological examination and the determination of the agent. A wrong choice of the drug can result in complications.

Often, antibiotics are used in the form of tablets, injections, suppositories.

Chronic gonorrheal urethritis requires the introduction of the antibiotic solution into the urethra. This therapy is completed by administration of a medicinal product on the basis of the hormones of the adrenal glands. The addition of therapy may be to rinse the urethra with an antiseptic, the purpose of the Immunostimulants, multivitamins (focus on vitamins A and E). Physical therapy is used outside of the acute phases – have been held magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, laser processing, processing of ultra-high frequency impulses.

Complementary therapies

In addition to the initial course of antibiotics, which work by the suppression of the acute symptoms of the disease are common and other therapies, such as physiotherapy.

Local procedures involve the introduction of medication directly into the urethra. The local treatment giving the best results, that is part of the treatment of urethritis.

Physiotherapy treatment is to be used only in the of chronic urethritis, acute inflammatory processes, they are contraindicated. Determined by electrophoresis, UHF, laser therapy, magnetotherapy. However, all these methods require a systematic and competent medical supervision.

Green

The food

Home treatment of urethritis should be complemented with a proper diet and a healthy way of life. This is especially important when the infection of several organs at the same time. Keep in mind the following guidelines:

  1. Try to consume more foods that are anti-inflammatory. These include carrots, celery, parsley, blueberries and cranberries.
  2. Reduce the consumption of fatty, over salty, spicy and smoked foods.
  3. Try to drink plenty of pure water. This will help to reduce the concentration of harmful bacteria in the urine. This will lead to a weakening of the symptoms of the problem.
  4. To boost immunity, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits. Drink juices, jellies, jams, marmalades, and compotes. The mandatory part of the diet is to have cranberry juice, and tea with rose hips.
  5. It is strictly forbidden to use alcoholic drinks. Coffee, tea, and cocoa to drink occasionally in small amounts.
  6. You can't use the food that the urethra is irritating. These include spices, herbs, garlic, onions, spinach, horseradish, and radish.

A proper diet must be accompanied with moderate exercise and a complete rejection of bad habits. Try to spend more and more time in the open air.

Folk remedies

It is important to understand in order to completely cure the diseases of folk remedies is impossible. However, their use along with the medication helps to prevent relapse and support recovery. It can be used in decoctions and infusions of herbs that you can prepare at home:

  1. An infusion made from the leaves of the black currant. The tool has an antiseptic effect and helps enrich the body's using the vitamins. Stir in 3 tablespoons of dried leaves pour 250 ml of boiling water and insist to cool. After this infusion is filtered, and by up to 15 minutes before meals, three times a day.
  2. A decoction of oak bark. This tool eliminates the pain and burning that occurs during urination. For cooking 1 tablespoon of raw materials, pour 250 ml of boiling water, and kept in a water bath for about 20 minutes. After cooling, the decoction is filtered and is taken at 1 tablespoon before each meal. Use the soup as well for sitz baths.
  3. Infusion of cornflower. To prepare 1 teaspoon of dried flowers poured 250 ml of boiling water and infused for at least 1 hour. After that, the medium is filtered and three times a day before meals for 2 tablespoons. The medicine helps to relieve the inflammation, and normalize the microflora.
Infusion of cornflower

The prevention of

The preventive measures are simple measures which can be practically nothing to minimize the risk of any type of urethritis.

To prevent hypothermia, and injury to the penis. A healthy life-style, and drop your bad habits, if any at all. If you are in doubt about your partner, use barrier contraceptives, which help protect the body against sexually transmitted infections.

Therefore, it is desirable to have a number of partners for sex. Please observe good personal hygiene, do not use someone else's underwear, and toilet articles.

05.07.2019