Symptoms of urethritis in men

The inflammatory process in the urethra – urethritis, often strikes young men. The disease is not independent, it must be treated. But it is important to differentiate infectious urethritis and its symptoms in men symptoms of non-infectious nature. The result of the treatment is dependent on correct and timely diagnosis.

Infectious urethritis

Accepted classification and staging

The difference urethritis in men symptoms and treatment due to the type of pathogen, the stage of the process, underlying medical conditions. Relying on the cause of the inflammation, there are two groups.

Infectious urethritis caused by specific types of micro-organisms:

  • gonorrhea
  • chlamydia
  • Mycoplasma
  • Ureaplasma
  • Trichomonas
  • viruses
  • bacteria
  • Gardnerella
  • fungus
  • in the tubercle Bacillus

Noncommunicable urethritis, a phenomenon which is not related to the introduction of pathogens, as follows:

  • allergic reactions
  • violation of the mucous membrane, after
  • medical procedures or injuries
  • violation of blood circulation in pelvis, congestion
  • obstruction of outflow of urine

For the duration of the course there are acute and chronic processes, each of which has its stages of development and clinical picture.

Acute urethritis in men occurs in three stages:

  1. The latent period is characterized by the absence of symptoms, which can last from 2 – 3 days up to one month.
  2. A period of pronounced clinic.
  3. Recovery or chronic illness and transition, in the indolent form.

Chronic process has two distinct phases:

  1. Relapse – exacerbation of all symptoms, occurs under the influence of adverse factors.
  2. Discharge – hidden inflammation is characterized by a prolonged period of blurred manifestations.
Common symptoms

Causes and supportive factors

Symptoms of urethritis in men and the causes are closely related.

  • Infections that are transmitted by sexual contact. The main part of the disease, infection by the gonococcus, chlamydia and Trichomonas.
  • Normal-pathogenic microflora, normally present in everyone, but suppressed by the immune system. These include: Escherichia coli, Candida, staphylococci, streptococci.

Non-infectious causes of disease, which are associated with stagnation of urine, lack of flushing the urinary channel in a natural way, a violation of the integrity of the mucosa.

  • The formation of kidney stones.
  • The manipulation associated with the treatment of urinary tract: cystoscopy, catheterization.
  • Allergic processes.
  • Tumors education.

In addition to these causes of urethritis in men, there are factors that weaken the immune system, promotes rapid growth of pathogenic flora:

  • prolonged hypothermia;
  • poor diet, abuse of salty and spicy food, vitamin deficiency;
  • physical inactivity, stagnation of blood in the pelvis;
  • the total decrease in the protective forces in the face of excessive physical and mental stress;
  • neglect of personal hygiene;
  • the influence of chemical stimuli.

In rare cases, the disease develops when the prevalence of infection with chronic focus with a current blood or lymph.

Remission

Common symptoms of the acute period

Regardless of the causative agent of the symptoms of urethritis in men have more in common. This can occur in a whole or limited to a few of the manifestations that is present continuously or episodically. Normally the inflammatory process is limited to the local symptoms. There is burning sensation and pain when urinating, frequency of urination increases, while the urine becomes muddy colour. In some cases, the detection of blood clots.

Some ideas

In addition to the General signs, there are symptoms specific for a particular pathogen. Often differ in the type and intensity of the choices. Think of how inflammation occurs in the urethra of different etiologies.

Gonococcal type

It starts badly, develops very quickly. Gonorrhea is an extreme pain in the time urination, intense inflammation, hyperemia, edema of the head of the penis. Due to the large number of pus, the urine becomes muddy colour. For gonococcal infections are characterized by a yellow discharge with blood.

Trichomonas type

It is characterized by a constant unbearable itching, difficulty with bladder emptying. The procedure is pain and a burning sensation. From the urethra, occurring and the rare grey-white releases, and the semen detected traces of blood.

Chlamydial type

Chlamydial urethritis in men is often asymptomatic, causing a lot of the risk of its transition in the chronic form. Burning and pain the short-term and a little smaller. The granting of a colorless or with a small amount of pus, scanty, passing quickly.

Mycotic type

Candida lose refers to non-specific inflammation and occurs when there is a reduction in the protective forces of the body. It is characterized strongest pruritus, burning sensation, swelling and redness of the head. The allocation of thick, cheesy, white or pinkish-white in color.

Herpes type

Viral urethritis is characterized by weakly pronounced relapsing. With the weakening of immunity can lead to specific rashes around the external opening of the urethra. Acute may be accompanied by General weakness, pain in the joints.

Bacterial species

Has a huge difference in the incubation period, the first symptoms may be noticed after 2 – 3 months after infection. Character – purulent discharge from the urethra, and the other symptoms are poorly expressed, is not clear.

Non-infectious process

In this form of inflammation of the allocation do not exist, but after an injury, may be traces of blood in the urine. When it comes to the stagnation of the violation of urination, in allergic inflammation, the swelling of the fittest.

Manifestations of chronic form of the disease

What is urethritis in males in the chronic form? This is an indolent, almost asymptomatic inflammatory process in which the flow of the disease in the absence of the necessary treatment. It can take many years, with alternating periods of peace and aggravation.

Relapses usually occur after the disease, or prolonged physical and emotional stress. The signs are similar to the acute phase of pain, impaired urination and discharge from the urethra channel, but in a more innocent form. In the absence of appropriate therapy, the manifestations gradually subside, and there is a phase of peace.

Diagnosis

In the period of remission, the symptoms disappear, at all, or remind yourself of a slight burning sensation, occasional scanty discharge. The general condition does not suffer from urinary function is not compromised. Despite the clinic, a chronic form of dangerous complications.

In the combined pathology

Acute inflammation of the urethra can occur in isolation, but in the absence of treatment in the infectious process involved the surrounding organs and tissues. In men, urethritis often goes:

  • inflammation of the foreskin;
  • with the retraction in the process of the prostate;
  • with orchitis – infection of the testicles;
  • inflammation of the bladder.

Combined cystitis and urethritis in the male have a single causative agent in 90% of cases, this is E. coli, and infections that are transmitted by sexual contact. Aggravating factors, which include: hypothermia, prolonged stress, serious viral diseases and weakening the immune force.

Acute cystitis in men is manifested as follows:

  • pain and cramps when emptying;
  • hyperemia and edema of the mucosa;
  • problems in urinating;
  • purulent and bloody discharge from the urethra;
  • pain in the lower part of the abdomen, pain pain.

After identification of the pathogen, the combination of urethritis and cystitis, are treated in the same way. Treatment is to be made by the end of the year, as both diseases are prone to chronic process.

Diagnosis

Prior to the decision on how to treat urethritis in men, it is necessary to conduct a survey to identify the pathogen and determine its sensitivity to drugs. Diagnosis begins with history taking and visual inspection.

Take a common blood test to determine the intensity of inflammation the number of leukocytes. Urine for a rental in the morning – first, that flow after a night's sleep. Urine analysis allows to identify the infectious agent, and to carry out an analysis of sensitivity to antibiotics. Discharge from the urethra in men is also subject to bacteriological culture and microscopic examination. All laboratory tests are performed in the background of complete exclusion of antibiotics. In some cases, may require a document review, an ultrasound of the pelvic organs, radiography, endoscopy of the bladder and the urethra.

Methods of treatment

Treatment of urethritis in men does not require hospitalization and successfully performed on an outpatient basis. The choice of medication depends on the form of the disease and the result of cultures. The main group therapy – antibiotics. Methods of introduction vary and are agreed between the doctor and the patient. Medications that can be taken in tablet form, it is administered by intramuscular or intravenous injection, or delivered directly to the lesion with the catheter. Consider medications for the treatment of urethritis in men, according to the identified pathogen.

Gonococcal and bacterial inflammation

In 40% of cases monotherapy with cephalosporin antibiotics. In chronic process is more often assigned to the tetracycline group. Complicated gonorrheal urethritis in males treated with a combination of several groups of drugs.

Immunomodulators and vitamins

Antibiotic therapy requires preventive reception of antimycotic drugs. Mandatory assigned immunomodulators and vitamins.

To control the effectiveness of treatment is necessary three times, with a specific time interval, to be tested for the identification of the gonococcus.

Trichomonas inflammation

To treat this kind of applies a time-tested course taking metronidazole, or once a maximum dose. Displayed when immunostimulatory drugs, and fortified supplements.

The incidence of chlamydia

How to treat chlamydial infection, determined by the physician based on the result of the bacterial analysis. The best result gives the progress of the treatment and an antibiotic from the tetracycline group. In conjunction with antibacterial prescribed hormonal therapy.

Fungal infections

The finding in the urethra in men is a fungal infection requiring antifungal treatment in the form of tablets. Topically used antifungal ointment. Great importance is attached to the immunostimulatory therapy.

Viral infection

The more common infection with herpes simplex virus 1 and type 2. In this case, treatment of urethritis in men drugs antiviral action. There is an opinion that is completely cure herpes virus is not possible, but it is possible to achieve stable remission.

Inflammation of unknown etiology

30 – 40% of cases, the infectious agent cannot determine, however, in the course of antibacterial treatment gives good results. How to cure urethritis in men, no further diagnosis? Called broad-spectrum antibiotics more groups. In addition, the presented antifungal and tonic. The insurance can be changed at the discretion of the treating physician.

Treatment of inflammation of the bladder

The infectious process often extends through the urethra, so think about this, how to treat cystitis in conjunction with urethritis. Become a major pathogen of the bacterial microflora. Her treatment of the trust of the macrolide antibiotics, ftorhinolon or tetracycline. In addition, is assigned to a preventive antifungal treatment and taking a multivitamin.

Inflammation of the urethra in boys

In children, the main causative agent of disease is E. coli. Urethritis occurs in boys more often than girls, due to the development of phimosis and, consequently, creating a favourable environment for the growth of pathogenic flora.

The child becomes restless, he was tormented by the itching, painful urination. May be whitish with an admixture of pus discharge. The urine becomes cloudy with blood. Treatment of urethritis in men and treatment in children is antibiotics, but unlike the adult selection means for a child is conducted more carefully, focusing on the age group.

Complications and forecasts

In the male sense, to go to the doctor with a similar problem a shame, but late or not the right treatment threatens many complications. The infection can spread to the surrounding organs, causing cystitis, pyelonephritis, prostatitis. The result is a violation of the sexual function and infertility.

Chlamydial infection is manifested by the subsequent defeat of the joint tissue and systematically conjunctivitis. Purulent urethritis leads to structural changes in the mucous membrane of urinary channel, its expansion and narrowing of the lumen.

If properly carried out the treatment, which can quickly and completely get rid of the problem, the prognosis in this case is favorable.

Preventive measures

Understanding the causes of urethritis, and that it is difficult to establish preventive measures:

Condoms
  • the deletion of the controversial sex;
  • the use of condoms as protection;
  • to adhere to the rules of hygiene;
  • be careful on your health, in case of doubtful symptoms, immediately consult a doctor;
  • in the period of enhanced psycho – physical stress take vitamin;
  • to prevent hypothermia;
  • stick to a balanced diet, not to get involved with harmful products;
  • for strengthening the immune system.

Acute inflammation brings a lot of unpleasant symptoms, but neglected, not cured, the process is much worse than their long-term consequences. Approximately 40% of men of retirement age suffer from prostatitis, and this is a direct result of chronic urethritis. The sad statistics, because there is inflammation of the urinary channel is completely treatable with all the recommendations.

24.04.2019